Kanyakumari is one of the most beautiful places in south India. Kanyakumari is located in southernmost tip of south India and the district is Kanyakumari. It is also called as “Cape Comorin” during British rule. Cape Comorin is also called as “Kumari Munai” in Tamil. The name Kanyakumari came from Goddess Kumari Amman, she is popularly known as “Kumari Bhagavathi Amman” and temple is situated in seashore. Amman has a shining diamond nose ring and it is visible even from the sea. In Kaniyakumari you can see people from different religions.
Many people on the way to Iyyappa temple (Sabarimala temple in Kerala) come to Kaniyakumari to worship “Kumari Bhagavathi Amman”. You can find lot of temples, churches in and around Kanyakumari. There is a Gandhi Mandapam located in shore near Amman temple. There is a calm meditation hall in Vivekananda rock where you can mediate for some time; you can feel more peace within you. Boat services are available for Vivekananda Rock Memorial and Thiruvalluvar Statue.
Kanyakumari is surrounded by three ocean bodies (Powerful Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) and these three seas can be viewed from one place. Kanyakumari beaches are one of the most beautiful tourist spots with multi colored soft sand. There is a man-made wall along the sea-shore for safety. Kumari sea shore is rocky and people are warned to stay off these rocks. Administrative leads are there near the beach area to monitor and help tourists.
There are public and private transportation facilities available to reach Kanyakumari and roam around. The nearest big town is Nagercoil, where you can find a lot of connectivity to all the places in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Nagercoil is the capital of Kaniyakumari district. Kanyakumari to Nagercoil is only 20 KMs, and nearest aerodrome is located in Trivandram, 65 KMs from Nagercoil. Buses are available from Nagercoil to Trivandrum every 2 Minutes and the journey duration is 1 Hour 30 Mins.
History of Kanyakumari:
The name Kanyakumari came from Kumari Amman (Kanya + Kumari). Kaniyakumari district is also called as Kumari district, and broadly consists of two parts known as “Nanjil Nadu” and “Idai Nadu”. The place Nanjilnadu was under the rule of Pandiya Mannan till the early 10th century and then under Cheran Mannan. The Idai Nadu was under the rule of Cheran mannan including the places Kalkulam and Vilanvancodu. Venad Chief took advantage when the power of Chola declined due to the rise of Hoysalas and western Chalukyas.
Kanyakumari was under the control of great rulers Chera, Chola, Pandia mannan. At the time of 1609, Viswanatha Nayak from Madurai ruled Kanyakumari and Venad had all the other parts of Nanjilnadu. Over the period of time, Venad expanded its region towards the Northern region of Kerala, and this region is later known as Travancore. The capital of Travancore was Padmanabhapuram situated near Nagercoil. Because of southern border issues of Venad, the king Marthanda Varma expanded the kingdom of Travancore northwards to Aluva. As a result, the Kanyakumarii District was called as Southern Travancore. Later in 1745, the capital Padmanabhapuram was shifted to Thiruvananthapuram.
After Marthanda varma, Venad had very weak rulers, the British whose control was completely established over Venad and continued till 1947. During 1947-1956, Kanyakumari was under the personal rule of Maharaja of Travancore. In 1956, Indian States Reorganisation Act was passed and according to this act on 1st November 1956, Kanyakumari District was formed. Initially Kanyakumari district had four Taluks, namely, Thovalai, Agasteeswarem, Kalkulam and Vilavancode. These four taluks were from Travancore and merged with Tamil Nadu state.
Kumari is geographically a cape and during British period, Kanyakumari was bestowed the name of “Cape Comorin”.
Best Day to Visit:
The full moon day of April month is the best day to visit Kanyakumari (on Chithra Pournami)
Best time to visit Kanyakumari:
October to March
Sunrise and Sunset:
Kaniyakumari is surrounded with beautiful greenery and people come to visit Kumari all over the year.
Kanyakumari is nice place to view sunset and sunrise in India. Sunrise can be viewed all over the year and sunset can be viewed from October to March. Especially on the full moon day evening you can see moon-rise and sunset at the same time.